they can mostly all accomplish the same things, but certain features or domains play better with some languages than others. TL;DR Search job listings and figure out what's in demand. It is a free, open-source programming language with extensive support modules and community development, easy integration with web services, user-friendly data structures, and GUI … Now, for most of these, the crucial first step is understanding what you'll be working on and what programming language is appropriate for the situation. it feels like a bot wrote that comment. Things change. And, they're right, mostly, both here and in r/games. I'm guessing that, just like in desktop development, the problem you're dealing with will influence the language you'll use, but I'm starting to have doubts about it based on the amount of people saying it doesn't matter, but the webdev area of software development kind of has a reputation for not always using the right tool for the job, so I'm not sure how accurate those comments are. Do the projects suit the career path you want to follow? I need to choose backend framework for my final university project. Net because of strong types (Node.js can use Typescript, but I had problems with configuration), Entity framework and auto-generation of endpoints. Both have a vibrant community, tons of packages, and i have built both small and large scale applications with them. "Doesn't scale," always needs context. Whenever I try to find what situation should X be used in I just get a bunch of search results like: "Which back-end programming languages should YOU learn in [2014-2020]?! Most people with a traditional programming background love C#, and the MS development tools are top notch. Net is worse? Edureka Basically, it is all the beautiful elements you see on a webpage’s interface. It translates Java byte code into a language that can be interpreted by the machines. Are they up-to-date? It is one of the best YouTube channels to learn web development, as it has detailed videos on every other framework and has thousands of daily visitors. Programming language Python is a big hit for machine learning. for example: If I wanted a site to present the results of data analysis, i'd probably choose python (not to say i'd use python only for this case, it's just an obvious advantage given its place in the data science field). Java and C# are obviously the market leaders, but from my understanding Java is becoming less favoured and C# is limited to the Windows environment. Most other runtimes are some way behind in this respect. Memory management in Java is quite expensive; The absence of templates can limit you to create high-quality data structures. I am a recruiter in London, and have recruited for both Java and C# in the past. Short answer: no, it doesn't matter. Basically, people use interpreted languages until they can't. Do what you like until you get a job, in which case, use whatever stack they use. Developers love working on new-age programming languages to stay ahead of the dynamically changing industry. According to research, it is found that more than half of developers use javascript. A fair assessment of several items. R works for adhoc analysis and exploring datasets, for statistics-heavy projects, and one-time dives into a dataset. The server is a powerful computer that runs the back-end software, the database building your site’s data, and the software related between the two. level 1 I'd appreciate any advice, thanks in advance. At the moment, I'm choosing between C#, Python, Node.js, and Java - there's been a decent rise in demand for Node.js and Python, but there's still more jobs for C# and Java around London. Our biggest scalability concern was the data layer. Community support - is there a lot of talk and easy access to help? Nowadays, it seems impossible to develop a program without the javascript language. Or if it's an open-source project, will anyone be able to contribute, or did you decide to build your web API in Rust? Language is something like Python, Ruby or PHP. Mehul Mohan. One of the reasons for so many programmers cherishing Python is its simplicity. Third-party libraries - Is there heaps of libraries that are already done and mature? Modern platforms have changed that. Are they maintained and current? Otherwise, pick a scripting language. Go is the fastest-growing language on Github, meant to replace languages like Java and C++. Language simplicity means faster backend development. What if you were making a "traditional" website, were you just have a back-end that responds to GET and POST requests and responds with HTML. It's still currently viable as a platform, as many companies are running it, but its glory days seem to have passed. I personally wouldn't pick a language based on how up-to-the-minute modern it is at the moment. Javascript can be used in the bac… Java has been considered the best mobile platform by developers in the year 2019. Python is one of the most commonly used programming languages today and is easy for beginners to learn because of its readability. It also doesn’t require developers to use low-level functions like memory management to get more advanced work done. Now major programming languages such as Python, Java, C#, Node.js etc support it. it's mostly a bunch of gobblegook that doesn't really mean anything and isn't very helpful, Those microservices tend to be serverless, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Some of its a gamble. It is one of the best programming language to learn that has large number of open source libraries ; Cons. There are 86,400 seconds in a day. Not many people agree to love PHP, but chances are that like it or not, you may have to come across it someday. It’s a language to do statistics. When it comes to choosing the back-end programming languages, each developer has a different opinion and choice. PHP starts the list on basis of its popularity and widespread use. JavaScript is turning into TypeScript, and Node has certainly found a customer base. It's dominating in data science and AI/ML right now. List of best backend frameworks. If you are into creativity or designing, this is where you would feel right at home. If milliseconds are critical to a huge operation which run continuously, you need compiled. They all ultimately do the same thing: the main factors to consider are security, maintainability, and amount of available existing functionality. Don't use WordPress, period, because it's garbage from stem to stern... the preeminent example of badly written PHP, terrible application design, and horrible database schema, all bound together with bad practices. C: C is one of the oldest and most widely used programming languages in the world, and holds #7 in Average Salary, and #9 in Job Postings. It uses an engine called JVM (Java Virtual Machine) which provides a runtime environment to run the Java Code and its applications. C and Java are the oldest programming languages. Personally, these days I think the runtime is more important. It’s all about communication protocol between your app with the web server. the best tech stack in the world is useless if no one uses it, also, many apps use multiple languages on the backend, so it's valuable to learn a couple and see what problems they solve. I'll not expand on what others have said because they've said it all already. R, along with Python, is one of the best programming languages in 2021 for data analysts and data scientists. Almost all active web users have come across some sort of implementation of PHP code, considering about 75% of websites use PHP. I mostly use django as python fits anywhere and nodejs because of its javascript nature. For more design-related questions, try /r/web_design. if it is to remain small, i might go with flask. Although Ruby on Rails doesn't scale as well as Django. You won't find mom and pop shops leveraging Java or Golang for their latest projects, and conversely, you tend not to find PHP in the enterprise. Google developed it in 2007 with almost similar syntax that you can find in C and C++. make a spin-the-wheel. To learn more about the differences between backend and frontend, check out our complete Backend vs Frontend Web Development guide. FWIW I worked at a company that had a product with 4 million monthly active users built in Ruby on Rails. I don't know what to choose. Consequently, this is where the user primarily interacts for navigation and browsing. Alternatively choose the language that is used at the tech company you want to work for. Does it ultimately matter (as long as you're using a mainstream language)? Ruby’s code is simple and expansive, which makes it easy to use even for complex development projects. You would need to handle just over one user per second to claim that capacity. WordPress is an guaranteed disaster, think twice several times before considering JS... beyond that, it doesn't really matter. Java is primarily used for desktop applications, back-end web frameworks, and Android applications. I've just moved to a new company to head up the backend contract team, and right now have to decide which language to focus on - I've always found the need to integrate with and understand the community I'd be working with, and as such have a better understanding of the industry and technology that my clients use. So, I have experience as a desktop applications programmer. Number 6 will SHOCK you! all pop up constantly. Backend development services refers to the server side of software and is invisible to users (backend developers add utility to everything the frontend designers create). For the majority of applications, it doesn't matter much what language you pick. These aren't very useful. Django, ASP .NET Core, Ruby (on Rails), PHP, Node.js, Java, Go, etc. If I'm writing a simple automation script that doesn't necessarily need the best performance, I can go with Python. Over the past few years, the capabilities of backend development have changed a lot. No SPA or Ajax calls or web sockets or anything. found some benchmarks stating that Django could comfortably handle 100,000 users a day with light-medium activity). You can even write it using bash script if you want. Contrary to the latter, PHP is commonly even available on free web hosting providers. After that, there's the ecosystems the languages tend to arrive with. Or better yet, understand what type of business will choose which languages, and choose which businesses to align your self with. Chances are the downvotes I'll be buried under for saying that will mostly come from developers with less than 5 years experience in web development, and few from those with 10 or more. I've been looking around the web for what back-end programming languages/frameworks people can use, and which one is appropriate for which situations, but I feel like I've hit a wall. Regarding Go, I think there’s no clear winner simply because the Standard Library provides some really good web components. Flask is a Python-based micro web framework that does not require specific libraries and … It's interpreted vs compiled. I'm not sure there's a clear winner on the framework side, yet. It is a general-purpose programming language. Java Java has had a good reputation as a multipurpose programming language. C# language was developed by Microsoft. Similar to asking "which platform" in r/games, you'll mostly get "just use what you like" as the default response, sprinkled with dedicated fans in each arena.. And, they're right, mostly, both here and in r/games.One of the heaviest factors in choosing a language … If I'm making a desktop app that's Windows only, I'll go with C# and the Windows UI libraries/framework that basically come with it. According to some social media platforms, javascript is very helpful in creating interactive web pages. ProgrammingKnowledge offers tons of video tutorials on top backend/frontend programming languages including Python, Swift, PHP, Ruby, and many others. The biggest issue is that the user could be thousands of miles away from the software, and no language can overcome that. It blends the best aspects of functional programming and object-oriented styles. I don't want recomendations on what to use for a specific project. My personal opinion when i look for backend frameworks are mostly availability of libraries to get things done, good community and ease of integration and deployment. Hi. It is used for backend programming, building Window mobile phone apps, etc. The Best Way to Learn Backend Web Development. Follow the practices that you would for any language; just understand the ecosystem you're diving into. Java is one of the most well known programming languages. Java is a general-purpose, object-oriented and concurrent programming language developed by Sun Microsystems in 1995. Recently I decided to go for ASP. IMO, on of the most popular (albeit little liked) backend languages is PHP and it isn't going anywhere in the very near future. Or at least, not as much as people might claim. Flask. So, I suppose I'll prefix everything with "in my experience.". Literally the opposite purpose of this post. Usage/Application: Java mostly used for developing Android apps, web apps, and Big data. Frameworks are things like Django, Rails, or Laravel. But on top of that, we also have bits and pieces written C++ and Java. This doesn't really give me a whole lot to go on, especially since most of the "articles" I can find on "what to use when" just gives me clickbait or clearly biased "only ever use X". The language is less important - where I work we have a lot of java, a fair bit of kotlin, and a smattering of clojure and groovy. I don’t think you really need to be too concerned about which language scales better. Easy to develop almost inherently means lower scaling capacity, but most projects will never reach the scaling limits of a platform like Rails. While they all vary slightly in syntax and performance, they all do the same thing: get passed requests received by the web server and return output to it for transmission back to the client. Popularity - If you pick an obscure language, how easily will you get developers to hire? Why do you think ASP. If you don't have extreme requirements any language will do. The major intention of GO programming language development.is to make the easiest programming language to learn. But my suggestion, if you need speed, choose native compiled language. First, that's a meaningless benchmark. Spring, its primary framework, is also quite popular in the enterprise. Go is fairly a new system-level programming language that has a focused vocabulary and simple scoping rules. Django, Rails, and even Laravel are all solid choices. More so Django, actually. In this list of best backend framework we didn't want to stick to 1 single programming language. JavaJava is the most popularly used mobile app development language since its inception. If top means best for your skill set then it is better to use a framework that uses the language and conventions you are familiar with. In near future, there is little chance for some other language to replace Java, not at least in 2019. If you're looking for a job, it helps to understand either where you are, or where you want to be. Choosing the best language for web development can be difficult. Users don't just come from the public side. Regardless of any pros and cons about performance, scalability or productivity of a language, each has realities about its history and the projects built behind them. Top Programming Languages to Learn in 2021 1. Net and I intend to never go back to it for web development. What little information I've gathered so far is the following: Stuff like Django and Ruby on Rails come with a bunch of pre-built functionality that can make development time faster. After that, in this or any sub, you risk getting shot as the messenger when it comes assessing where each language stands in the market. Similar to asking "which platform" in r/games, you'll mostly get "just use what you like" as the default response, sprinkled with dedicated fans in each arena. The PHP-Enterprise argument was well dodged. There, picking the right programming language is pretty important, but also something that is well understood. There's a tolerance for subpar performance because people are accustomed to latency in requests. Once you throw it its history in automation and Django, I'm don't think there's another language which covers the spectrum of development as well. What are people actually using it for? Net. Among the languages, you're looking for distinctions that don't exist. First is region. It has grown massively, and it is now being used on a multitude of se… If I need bleeding edge performance in a hardware-restricted environment, I'll go with C++. The good documentation and impressive open source dependencies make it one of the best programming languages for backend development. The "which language" debate is always going to be a hot-button topic in a forum dedicated to a spectrum as broad as webdev. Java first appeared in 1995, and since then it has been considered one of the most powerful and reliable programming languages for backend development. Is it easy to find resources, tutorials and courses, if needed? Or would that make it even less relevant due to how simple that would be to handle? Some of these frameworks/languages have better support for modern web practices than others (seen this from experience with .NET Core 3's kind of "meh-borderline-bad" Ajax support if you're using Razor Pages, meanwhile Django comes with built-in REST support). If I can’t have a jvm I’d probably go for .net, but that’s not quite as configurable. The reason the tech used doesn't matter so much is because it will never be the bottleneck for an individual request. A modern jvm is incredibly sophisticated, fast out of the box, endlessly tuneable when you start bumping up against the edges, and incredibly observable (almost everything can be exposed as metrics, and most frameworks provide a ton more). In fact, we also have a good deal of PHP apps because they're hosted on LAMP stacks and it was easier to find CMSs written in PHP to work in the environment. And then on top of that, you have CMSs like Wordpress or Magento or what have you. Net. I hear stories here and there of Express running entire back-ends, but it's mostly used for miscellaneous processing these days. I too have worked with ASP. Everything has a range of elasticity. Some of these frameworks/languages have better support for modern web practices than others. Often, a single large company in an area has cascading effects on the talent pool available to businesses, and the corresponding demand from businesses looking to tap into that pool. Python, by and large, is the most versatile language, both in concept and in practice. Personally I've chosen the languages I use based on their package managers more than anything else. Documentation - Good docs? Java has certain key features as follows: 1. One of the earliest languages for web development (released in 1995), it remains widely popular today. Does it ultimately matter (as long as you're using a mainstream language)? .Net core is substantially better than .Net of past, but it's having trouble breaking out of its Steve Ballmer inflicted mold. Interpreted languages like Python aren't necessarily slower than statically typed ones. if looking to hire people, you also need to look at market share of languages. Which backend language is the go to right now and future proof. Someone, somewhere is either ready or typing a message telling me how PHP is used in the enterprise because X company is a Fortune 500 company who based everything on that language. If I built a site for my grandmother's cat, it would be able to handle that load. C# Developers love the language … No, it's not compiled, but even that is murky with projects claiming to compile the important bits. PHP has come a long way since its creation way back in 1994. So, let's break it down, in my opinion, of course: Python is easily the most versatile at the moment. I've also seen some posts claiming that in 2018 (when it was posted), the back-end language you use hardly matters unless you expect disgustingly high levels of traffic and activity throughout your website and to just use whatever you're comfortable with (as long as it also allows you to do your job quickly). I say to understand what languages to use or learn, understand what businesses want. But, what language you choose does matter; it will affect the outcome of your project and your career, especially if you plan to scale. JVM forms a part of JRE (Java Runtime Environment). By extension, for most of the common uses of websites, it contains the most plug and play options for the most common use cases. But, despite the open source efforts, .Net seems to play with the corporate "license" kids, and is mostly employed by companies already invested in the MS ecosystem. Because comprehending a new language whilst simultaneously building a complex project usually amounts to overload and burnout. So, could someone give me some examples of what situations/problems would warrant using a certain language or framework? Object-oriented– This means the code is structured and modeled as … If you’re just getting started with coding, it’s hard to know which programming language to learn first.You can choose between several popular tools and find great learning resources online. Javascript is the least appealing language to use on the backend: sloppy types, lackluster standard library, and a "package manager" that doubles as a code snippet landfill. The site may not work properly if you don't, If you do not update your browser, we suggest you visit, Press J to jump to the feed. Long story short, we use the "Seemed good at the time" approach to most of our language decisions and take into account deadlines and team skill levels. Would that affect the decision? PHP is popular in marketing agencies and "web shops." Demand varies city by city. There doesn't seem to be a facet of web development Python isn't a substantial part of. A community dedicated to all things web development: both front-end and back-end. They seem to mostly be fanboys telling you why X is so good/bad, instead of giving actual examples of when something is the appropriate tool for the job. A lot of your other concerns are premature details, stale biases, and quasi-misinformation propagated by the various echo chambers in web development. If anything, Gin is the winner if we’re talking about stars on github, with the others a fair distance behind, but this isn’t a full on ‘web framework’ like Django, it’s just to do with the request handling. There is no argument for JS outside the browser that doesn't somehow trace back to jumbled priorities. 4. The programming language war doesn't seem to end in 2020 either. But now it needs to change ... Reddit and others to monitor user app crashes … Now let’s have a look at the programming languages that you must learn for Front-End web development — Ruby is almost entirely driven by Rails. There are three main frameworks that java developers mostly used- … Java still seems to be the preferred compiled language that isn't C++. And why? Javascript is an interpreted and light-weighted programming language. Go (Golang) is a compiled language which is gaining traction as a balance of compiled goodness and rapid development, but it's still decidedly niche in the grand scheme of things. The reality is, though, most projects never reach that limit. You said that you have experience in both Node.js and ASP. I think a lot of the decisions come down to: What experience do the developers have that are building this? You have to tell us the specific application you'd like to create so that the community will advise you on the specific technology to use. Front-End Development is the client-side of things. One of the heaviest factors in choosing a language when building a new project should include what you're familiar with. Javascript is a very popular language, according to Stack Overflow. Maybe I should reevaluate my decision about which framework to go for? 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