Please note that when placing an order online your cc is charged immediately. The golden-brown fruit is shaped much like an apple but the flavors could not be more distinct. This helps the individual fruits grow bigger and reduces pest and disease infestation since the space provides the fruits with adequate ventilation. According to Chinese medicine, Asian pears have certain health benefits. If it’s crisp, sweet and juicy, harvest time has arrived. While P. pyrifolia don’t fall prey to too many pests or diseases, there are a few major troublemakers to watch out for. To check the moisture level, stick your finger about one inch down into the soil. Some cultivars, such as ‘Shinseiki,’ ‘20th Century,’ and ‘Tennosui,’ are self-pollinating. By far the most dreadful disease an Asian pear tree can face, fire blight, caused by the bacteria Erwinia amylovora, destroys any existing fruit and turns leaves to a burnt-crisp color and texture, hence the name. You can also spray horticultural oil, available from Arbico Organics, on the leaves and trunk to smother unhatched eggs. Asian Pear Tree 'Kosui' Small, round, copper-bronze coloured fruit have a sweet and juicy pear taste. If you’d rather freeze your pears to puree later for smoothies or baking, you can do that too. European Pears. Some adventurous gardeners try to root new trees from cuttings, but this has a 30-90 percent success rate under the most ideal conditions, in a professional greenhouse with controlled humidity and misting hoses. Despite some cultivars producing fruit reminiscent of an apple, the Asian pear is not a hybrid with this fruit. It … Place the sheet in an oven heated to just 175°F and cook for about four hours, flipping the slices over every hour, until they have a leathery texture. With an appearance like an apple-pear hybrid, Asian pears come in more than 100 varieties. Amend some of the native soil removed from the ground with high-quality or… These main branches are called scaffold branches. You can add a three-inch layer of dark mulch to help keep the tree warm during the winter, and a light layer to help it keep cool during the summer. Unlike European pears ( P. communis ), Asian varieties don’t turn soft and mushy when ripe. This will also help to keep the height manageable. Replace it each season to keep that layer of protection over the tree’s root system. If you have deer or moose in your area, it’s time to learn how to keep the large herbivores away from your precious Asian pear trees. I’ve just planted a chojuru and a Bartlett next to each other. Below is a list of our Asian pear variety offerings. Transfer them to a freezer bag, and voila! You will be surprised by the juicy, sweet flavor of this crisp fruit. To harvest, gently grasp the fruit, lift it, and twist it off the branch. Here is more about what we do. Indirect or filtered sun light is preferred in hot climates. With its round apple shape and juicy-sweet butterscotch flavor, this variety is the one most commonly found in grocery stores (when you can find them!). Meet the Asian pear! Huge Fruits and great Quality! They’ll retain that irresistible crisp texture and flavor. If so, then it’s harvest time! Dip your shears or pruners in a solution of water and 10 percent bleach to help prevent the spread of the infection. ‘Shinseiki,’ which translates to “new century,” is a cross between two popular varieties: ‘20th Century’ and ‘Chojuro.’ When ripe – usually sometime in August – this mid-size fruit is bright yellow and extremely crunchy. Water the new Asian pear well and surround the base of the tree (not up against the trunk) with a 2-inch (5 cm.) The main reason for its popularity is that the flavor of a Chojuro Pear … Credit: Does it taste like a delicious, crisp, juicy pear? Feed your pear trees with a fertilizer such as Ferti-lome Fruit, Citrus and Pecan Tree Food. Characterized by their round shape and crisp, juicy texture, these eastern-indigenous pears are a … But I adore eating them in salads, too, like this pear, currant, and hazelnut salad from our sister site, Foodal. Trees reach mature dimensions of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a spread of 12 to 15 feet. To keep the tree healthy, prune away diseased, broken, or injured branches during its winter dormancy period. You can find trees available from Nature Hills Nursery. Use organic mulch such as straw or wood chips so that the material can add nutrients to the soil as it decomposes. Juicy but crisp. Best offers for your garden - to Prune an Asian Pear Tree. Like apple, nectarine, and peach trees, Asian pears are members of the rose or Rosaceae family. Container trees are available at Nature Hills Nursery. When the estimated ripeness date is near, pick a pear and taste it! Before the leaves appear, branches are covered in clusters of showy white blossoms. Asian Pear Tree Care. Pack your bounty in a padded bucket until you decide what to do with them, as they bruise very easily. To retain moisture and suppress weeds, consider putting down a three-inch layer of mulch. Shinko pear tree is the most fire blight resistant of the Asian pear trees for sale. There are two major plant pests to watch for when you’re growing Asian pears. During the first year of growth after planting, you’ll want to water your Asian pear tree once or twice a week, depending on the amount of rainfall. Start by washing each fruit, peeling the skin off (if you want to), and coring it. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. The recipe calls for ‘Bosc’ pears, which you can easily substitute with sliced P. pyrifolia. Save Print Email. Best of luck! As with many other types of fruit trees, P. pyrifolia are most often propagated by being grafted onto rootstock of another variety. Asian pear trees (Pyrus pyrifolia) are deciduous fruit trees that grow in well-draining, slightly acidic soil. They can be hard to find at your local grocery store or farmers market in some places, but luckily, if you live in USDA Hardiness Zones 5-9, you can try your hand at growing them at home. They’ll last between six months and one year in a cool, dry location. Southern Living is part of the Meredith Home Group. The texture is closer to that of an apple than a pear. This crunchy and sweet tree fruit is often referred to as “apple pears” because of their shape or “sand pears” due to their golden brown color. The crunchy fruit is wonderful fresh. You don’t want any weeds or grass growing over the root system and competing for water and nutrients. Pyrus betulifolia rootstock. The medium to large fruit has excellent, rich, sweet flavor. Our goal is to keep the spreading branches open to good light. Asian pears should be ripened on the tree and harvest time varies by variety. Peruse our three favorite cultivars of this tasty fruit: True to its name, which translates to “plentiful” in Japanese, ‘Chojuro’ produces ample fruit, often in its very first year after planting. They blossom with fragrant white petals in the springtime and, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions, produce fruit four to seven months later. Easily pollinated by planting ‘Hosui’ alongside it, ‘Chojuro’ requires 450 chill hours. Once the tree is established, you can water it once a week, or when the top two to three inches of soil dry out. Asian pears are also known as "apple pears" because they're round and firm like apples. They also can be trained as espaliers against walls or onto wire trellises. For best results, you will need to plant two varieties that bloom at the same time for pollination. First, make sure you have enough space. Available Now Supplied as a bare root tree pruned to approximately 3-4 ft (90-120cm) tall including roots. This is a commercially grown Asian pear variety, that is being widely planted for deer. Set the root ball inside and backfill with soil, making sure the crown of the sapling is level with the soil surface. Lay the pieces on a cookie sheet and put them into the freezer for four hours or until they’re frozen solid. There’s nothing sadder than watching cervids snack on fruit trees. If you don't have room for Asian pear trees in your yard but want to try the fruit, visit your local farmers' market, or order gift boxes online from Virginia Gold Orchard; Generally ships from December through April. In addition, trim some of the branches nearest to the trunk to encourage them to produce blossoms. In later winter we prune the trees to take out broken branches and sprouts, removing up to 20 percent of the total mass of the tree. Thin the fruit when it's between the size of a nickel and a quarter, leaving a 4- to 6-inch space between pears. To do this, use pruning shears and cut the branch about two or three buds away from the main branch. For the gourmet gardener, growing an Asian pear tree is a rewarding experience. Pale yellow, almost perfectly round fruits with a flavor somewhere between and apple and a pear, Asian pears have a light, crispy texture that delights the palate. Laura Melchor grew up helping her mom in the garden in Montana, and as an adult she’s brought her cold-weather gardening skills with her to her home in Alaska. I love it because I prefer firm and crisp varieties of this fruit, and if that’s your preference, you will too. Place the tree in the hole and backfill with soil. Fruit tends to ripen in early August. Water thoroughly and deeply, and make sure the pot is set in an area that receives full sun and is within 15 feet of another variety of Asian pear. But you can have it in your own backyard, too. The Chojuro Asian Pear is the most popular Asian Pear variety in the United States, and is essentially what grocery stores strive to sell. Asian pear trees can take between three to five years to begin producing fruit after propagation. Most other varieties require cross-pollination. They are often referred to as a salad pear due to their firm texture. In all, you should prune about 10 percent of the tree’s total branches each winter. They are also sometimes called P. serotina. Jan 10, 2013 - Growing Asian Pears. Product photos via Arbico Organics, Burpee, Home Depot, Nature Hills Nursery, and Plantskydd. Feed your pear trees with a fertilizer such as Ferti-lome Fruit, Citrus and Pecan Tree Food. Place them in the chiller compartment of your refrigerator. In my opinion, the best way to eat an Asian pear is fresh off the tree. She’s especially proud of the flowerbeds she and her three-year-old son built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead. Once the tree blossoms and begins fruiting in the spring, thin the fruits to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. More information about Asian Pear Tree 'Kosui' This is "Asian pear tree" by Roc It on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts. Cervids, whether they’re moose or deer, won’t hesitate to devour your tree whether it’s got fruit on it or not. Give it a thorough soaking at the base, and let the top inch of soil dry out before you water again. Container growing is also ideal for a patio or small backyard. Even if you don’t have a large yard, you can still grow P. pyrifolia: some cultivars can grow up to 40 feet tall, but widely available dwarf varieties reach just six to 15 feet in height. They ripen on the tree and maintain a crisp, juicy texture. It is important to install and plant the pear tree in a location with the appropriate sun exposure. Other methods of propagation include micropropagation via tissue cultures. Before you make your selections, make sure you’re in the right growing zone, and that you have plenty of space, and enough room to plant two varieties. As a species that requires winter chilling to set buds, these are great trees for cooler climates, though they are not quite as hardy as apple trees. I’ll be sure to fence for deer soon…. Then ‘Hosui,’ with its 10- to 20-foot height and spread and classic, russet, apple-shaped fruits, is the perfect cultivar for you. The most important consideration here, of course, is the size of your container. Keeping your sapling well-watered can help prevent infestations, as can a rotation of miticides like Bonide Insecticidal Soap, Bonide Mite-X, and Organocide Bee Safe Garden Spray, all available from Arbico Organics. As for fertilizing, you only need to make sure the tree receives fertilizer once a year: as soon as the soil is workable in the spring. Also know as the Olympic Asian […] Pear trees should be trained and pruned in a similar fashion as apples. See more ideas about fruit trees, pear trees, pear. Shinko is a brownish-green pear that ripens mid-August through mid-September but stores well through January. With a mild flavor and coarse texture, this is the fruit for those of us who love firm pears with a hint of rose flavor. You can conduct a soil test to determine the pH and nutrient balance of your soil and amend accordingly. Unlike European pears (P. communis), Asian varieties don’t turn soft and mushy when ripe. You get the idea: this is a large, extra-juicy cultivar. I don’t take any chances with Cervids. Even in the case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests. The University of California Extension cautions that Shinko trees become significantly less productive as they age. Later I grafter Korean Giant on it. Generally ships from December-April. I love whiskey barrel containers for growing dwarf fruit trees, like this one from the Home Depot that’s 26 inches in diameter across the rim, 17.5 inches deep, and 21.5 inches wide at the base. Korean Giant Asian Pear is Fireblight resistant. We’ll cover both planting methods to make it easy for you to choose which is best for your garden. Every time you water, check for weeds. The larvae have black heads and white bodies. If you notice the telltale shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least 12 inches below the first infected leaf. Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. Fruits may be harvested any time between August and October, depending on the cultivar you’re growing. This size will give a dwarf tree some elbow room while making it (relatively) easy to move, most likely with help from a friend or by placing it on a cart with wheels. You can learn more about how to store pears in our guide. A favorite Asian pear variety, Pyrus pyrifolia 'Hosui' is a dessert cultivar with a profusion of fragrant, creamy white flowers in midseason (mid spring). They are very high in fiber, potassium, vitamin K, copper, and vitamin C. Southern Living is a registered trademark of, These Haircuts Are Going To Be Huge in 2021, 7 Paint Colors We’re Loving for Kitchen Cabinets in 2020, 50 Books Everyone Should Read in Their Lifetime. It’s easy to plant a dwarf tree in a container. If the soil of the planting location does not drain water well, install drains or amend with sand if needed to improve drainage. Peel them, core them, and slice them into halves or into smaller pieces. Plant Asian pears in deep, well-drained soils in a location as frost-free as possible. The first is the codling moth (Carpocapsa pomonella), which eats through the fruit to get at the seeds, rendering it inedible. Asian pears are fast becoming a standard fruit in grocery stores across the world. China, Korea, and Japan are the main commercial exporters of the fruit, but it’s also grown in the United States in California, Oregon, and Washington, thanks to those early immigrants. Choose resistant selections such as 'Hosui' (golden brown, medium-to-large fruit ripens from mid-July to early August and has moderate fire blight resistance), 'Shinko' (brown, medium-to-large fruit ripens from late July to mid-August and has high fire blight resistance), 'Korean Giant' (brownish olive green fruit is large to very large, can weigh up to a pound, ripens from late August to mid- to late-September, and has high fire blight resistance). 22,727 views 1 Green Thumbs Up You Rate It: Thumbs Up. It’s very sweet if properly thinned. (coming soon!). Maybe you know them as apple pears, papples, or nashi pears, but whatever you call them, the fruits of the Pyrus pyrifolia tree are delicious. We are now taking reservations for winter delivery. It should be at least 20 inches in diameter. The two trees will need to be planted about 15 feet apart if they’re dwarf varieties, and 30 feet apart if they’re full-sized cultivars. BONIDE® All Seasons Horticultural Spray Oil. Fruits keeps until March. Just remember to eat them within six months. I bought my Asian pear tree as a 4 in 1 with Shinko, Hosui, 20th Century and Seigyoku varieties on it. Partially Self Fertile. Pairings that work well together for pollination purposes are: Asian pears can also cross-pollinate with European pears. Despite their long history in Asia, they’re relatively new in the United States, arriving here in 1820 when horticulturist William Prince imported the plant to grow in Flushing, New York. I’d love to hear your stories or questions in the comments section below. Because, Korean giant pear is a solid tree, bearing fruit annually and typically begins producing its 3rd year after planting. But they all have that delicious and enduring crunch that Bartletts can only dream of and that some of us prefer over the texture of a European pear. They are followed in late summer to early fall by a heavy crop of large, round, golden brown pears. The first thing you need to do before you bring your trees home in the spring or fall is to select the perfect location. The attractive mid-sized fruit is bright yellow with a hint of rosy blush, and it has a crisp texture and mild flavor. Fruit is ready to harvest starting in early August, and in autumn, the glossy green leaves turn a vibrant orangey red. Start training the first year by selecting a strong central branch as the main leader. Asian pears tend to overproduce and need to be thinned shortly after bloom. Plant in well-draining soil. See our TOS for more details. Or make the task easy by filling it with premixed raised bed soil, like Vermont Organics Raised Bed Recharge available from the Home Depot. Another way to prevent infestation is to space the fruits far enough apart so they aren’t touching, thinning them to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. . In some markets they have been popular for several years as the growth of the tree has spread to new areas. You can learn more about how to harvest pears in our guide. This pear tree is native to Europe and Southwest Asia, but some cultivars are now widely grown in North America and Australia. Mat… Avoid sites that are prone to late spring frosts, or provide frost protection where late frosts are likely. A good keeper, fruits store well for up to five months in cold storage at 31°F. The over all shape of the tree should be openly pyramidal (Figure 1). Asian Varieties. If you live in Zones 8 or 9, select a site that receives partial afternoon shade to help temper the effect of the heat. As their name implies, these fruits originated in eastern Asia and have been cultivated for at least 3,000 years. Asian pears are often called apple pears because they are crisp like an apple, but have a pear-like flavor and aroma. ‘Chojuro’ is a dwarf cultivar that grows to a mature height of eight to 10 feet with a spread of six to eight feet. Like apples, each fruit contains five seeds. More specifically, they’re native to western China, and long ago naturalized in south and central Japan. ‘Tis the season to ditch your all-white palette in favor of something a little bolder and brighter. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. The chilling requirement should not be a problem in most areas of South Carolina. Learn how to season this Southern kitchen staple in five easy steps. But I also learned how to keep the pests out of my apple orchard, which you can learn more about in our guide to keeping moose out of your yard. Asian Pears retain their crispness long after harvest when properly stored and can be easily canned. Botanically, it is a true pear. Do not rely on common pear varieties to pollinate Asian pears. Yes, do fence for deer or at least apply Plantskydd regularly! You can find bare root ‘Hosui’ trees available at Burpee. If you’re looking for an exciting fruit to grow at home that tastes like a pear but has the crunchy texture of an apple, look no further than P. pyrifolia. Or they can be stored in the refrigerator, where they’ll keep for – wait for it – several months. Asian pear trees can take between three to five years to begin producing fruit after propagation. In warm areas, use a light-colored mulch to help keep the roots cool. Before and after thinning of precocious Asian pears Caring for Asian Pear Trees. Nasturtiums: The Easiest Annuals to Grow! Juicy or crunchy (depending on the variety and maturity), honey-sweet yet not overpowering, mature Asian pears can be enjoyed right away when you pick them. Also known as the variety 'Don Bae'. To set fruit, these deciduous trees require around 300-500 chill hours at temperatures lower than 45°F each winter, which isn’t too hard to achieve even in the warmer climates of Zone 8 or 9. Have you ever grown Asian pear trees in your backyard? Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. Fill the container with gardening soil that’s one part topsoil, one part well-rotted compost, and one part peat moss. Nitaka. I do both. If you have a sweet tooth, you could also use some of your crop to make this heavenly pear sorbet with ginger-infused maple syrup, also from Foodal. Codling moths lay tiny translucent eggs on the leaves. Melina Hammer. layer of mulch. Precocious, productive tree. Simply add a balanced 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer to give the plant a boost. Out of these five, my favorite is Shinko in terms of taste, texture, size and juiciness. While slightly exotic, they are relatively easy to grow. The trendy haircuts you’ll be seeing everywhere next year. Fruit trees need at least 4 -5 hours of direct sunlight. If you’re growing trees grafted onto dwarf rootstock – aka dwarf cultivars of P. pyrifolia – you can plant them in containers. Lay the slices on a greased cookie sheet. In Japanese, ‘Hosui’ means “abundant juice” or “much water,” depending on the translation. Asian pear trees can grow up to 25 feet tall, but you can prune in late winter to keep them to a more manageable size. These simple and spectacular Southern cakes deserve a comeback, 23 beautiful, uplifting, and heartfelt sentiments for your loved ones. It spreads easily and can kill entire trees. If you’ve ever had this experience, consider me jealous, but in a good way. If it feels dry, give the tree a thorough watering. If you are growing your Asian pear in a container, you’ll want to prune it to remain about five to six feet tall – essentially turning it into a fruit-bearing shrub rather than a fully dwarf-sized fruit tree. If you prefer a dwarf ‘Hosui,’ which reaches up to 12 feet in height, you can find it at the Home Depot. The site should receive at least eight hours of full sun every day in Zones 5-7. Planting a P. pyrifolia alongside a European variety can also encourage more honeybees flock to both trees, as they’re typically more attracted to European varieties. Keep the soil moist until your area’s first wintertime freeze, especially in the sapling’s first few years of growth. Promoting Pollination by Design: How to Attract Pollinators, 10 of the Best DIY Greenhouses and Cold Frames For Your Backyard, How to Grow Azure Monkshood for Stunning Fall Color, How to Pre-Seed your Garden in Fall for an Early Spring Harvest, Spawning A Mycelial Mélange: How to Grow Mushrooms Outdoors, 7 Tips for Growing Formal and Informal Forsythia Hedges, Bees, birds, flies, wasps, and other pollinators, Aphids, codling moth, deer, moose, twospotted spider mites; bacterial canker, crown rot, fire blight, powdery mildew, Early-blooming ‘Shinseiki’ and ‘Yoinashi’, Mid-blooming ‘Ichiban Nashi’ and ‘Shinsui’, Choose a location with full sun or partial afternoon shade if you live in Zones 8 or 9, Fertilize every spring with a 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer.