The culture of a community or a nation depends upon the surroundings, the values and beliefs that they are brought up upon. that’s why they marry cousins by arrangement. One must spend time nurturing the relationship and show great awareness as to when it is at a stage appropriate to take things forward in a business sense. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. B) Arabs often make decisions on gut and heart feelings, not on facts and figures. If the married couple wants to visit the husband’s homeland, she could only do so using a passport of her husband’s country. • It can also be defined as those countries where Arabic is the dominant language. As such if one were to jump straight to business without investing some time in a "getting to know you" process you will be seen as uninterested, inflexible, rigid and lacking sensitivity. Personal Space - personal space is respected in the UK. 3. The challenges that Tunisian, Egyptians, and others face have less to do with the particularities of a Middle Eastern way of life than with the cultural milieu that … Trying to understand the complexities of Middle East politics can seem like an impenetrable task and the tangled and changing relations between governments and groups in the region are a common subject of discussion. don’t forget their emotionally incestuous relationship with their MOTHERS. One area of Middle Eastern culture that sharply differs from the European or North American mentality is the role personal relationships play in getting business done. 4. In addition it not only inhabited by Muslims. Never jump straight into business at a meeting. Evolution - the Middle East is steeped in religion, culture and a pattern of thought. In such cultures very tight relationships are built with a small group of people whereas in more individual cultures people tend to have loose relationships with many people. To become insistent on contracts and deadlines can make Arabs become rather stand-offish as they would consider such behaviour as signifying a lack of trust in them. The Middle East is a relationship driven culture and this means that if the right amount of time and energy is not invested in building and maintaining relationships then the chances of success are limited. “In Middle Eastern culture, trust is a commodity you have to earn through repeated social interactions.” — Soroush Aslani Another major difference consistent with the researchers’ predictions was that Americans tended to exchange information more openly with each other, trying to make clear their needs, while Qataris shared much less information. if a person was to lie this would bring shame upon them. It is no longer a luxury but a necessity. Gender Roles & Muslims in the Middle East – An Essay By Kaycee on February 2, 2015 • ( 5). “It’s just typically associated with the region geographically identified as the Middle East,” she says. The Middle East of 2017 is a violent imbroglio in which the U.S. is hopelessly mired. This is an essay I wrote a few years ago… Abstract. Once should be prepared to be held, touched, felt and kissed! To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. Understand face - one must observe and try and understand how face, shame and honour work in the region. Although every society has its own culture, it may vary in each due the differences in their sets of values. Although this excludes Somalia, Djibouti, and the Comoros Islands which are part of the Arab world. Eastern world is comprised of nations in Asia including the Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. If you are not negotiating with the decision maker you are most likely wasting your time and simply being sussed out. In less hierarchical cultures a subordinate is expected to use initiative, share in the decision making process, can say "no" to the boss and most of the time has an informal relationship with the boss. 7. The Arabs who stay clean and close to their beliefs are highly respected and honored in the whole Middle East. Many who feel this way are also proponents of the misconception that because the "world is getting smaller" our differences are becoming less obvious and less of a problem. In hierarchical societies the boss takes sole control because that is what they are paid for. For the European this is a distraction but for the Arab it is simply hospitable to allow people in, and those that wander in will naturally want to speak with you. For the European this is seen as slightly rude whereas for the Arab to not answer the call is rude! This is where people use their connections in order to get things done. Middle East Jared Kushner reps Trump's US in Middle East one last time. Being part of a network gives you access to resources. Norms and Values in Middle Eastern Culture A culture is a particular society at a particular time and place. Get Personal - one should not be afraid to open up and divulge personal details. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. However in the Middle East this is the opposite. 1. In order to succeed in the region it is important to use wasta and to also reciprocate favours done for you. Secondly, please note that the article will be making generalisations about the Middle East. The first adherents of Islam accepted the religion through trust in the Prophet Muhammad and his word. If they do, they will ask them to help get them the visa. D) If the right level of trust has not yet been established through the building of a relationship then this may be holding up proceedings. Getting to know people on a personal level is crucial in order to assess whether a relationship can be established. 2. If people are unaware of such differences when it comes to such fundamentals, the potential for misunderstandings, poor communication and failed relationships are increased. 6. An intricate means of favours and reciprocation are part of daily life, from being introduced to the right people or getting past red tape. They have had an enduring influence on Western civilization. Invest time - in order to build a relationship you must be willing to invest time. When intercultural trainers explain culture, many use the iceberg model. Particularly, the way women are treated. And this has consequences for society, the … ... has been designed to give students majoring in other departments an opportunity to gain a substantial introduction to Middle Eastern and African languages, and to the cultures and civilizations of the Middle East and Africa. Again this goes back to the whole idea of honour and shame, i.e. Home › Essays › Gender Roles & Muslims in the Middle East – An Essay. “Whereas, Mediterranean sort of focuses on the culture group that’s united, rather than culturally divided, by the Mediterranean Sea as a trading area. What we will do, however, is to pick a few cultural differences which are shared across most of the Middle East and which are more likely to trip North Americans up when working in the region. For example, people may take telephone calls. If they are unsure about you they will want time to try and learn more about you. Eastern world refers to countries in Asia and Middle East. This goes back to the beginnings of Islam where the Quran was a revelation disseminated through speech. Intercultural awareness training provides people with an insight into those very differences and provides strategies to help overcome potential obstacles. And once in the Middle East, she can only leave if the husband agrees. Consensus - in hierarchical societies decisions are usually made on a group basis. Networks - due to such cultures relying on bonds and relationships, networks are usually the way things get done. We use generalisations in intercultural awareness training as it acts as a useful safety net, meaning if someone goes to the region and knows nothing about it they can fall back on the generalisations made until they start to figure things out for themselves. Do not expect deals to be completed in two visits to the region. Hagging or bargaining is a very important part of Middle Eastern culture, and it is viewed as offensive to refrain from engaging in it. 3. 5. As a result there are usually very complex rules of engagement and communication styles. Before discussing the Middle East as a region it is important to bear two things in mind. Identity is not a matter of choice. • KEY: Arab countries are religiously and ethnically diverse with Islam being the dominant religion in most countries. Simply stated in everyday interaction we see only the surface level of culture, i.e. Recoiling from such behaviour would make one seem cold. Firstly the Middle East is not a homogenous region. Women in the Middle-Eastern Culture 803 Words | 4 Pages. In order to really get a relationship at the stage where the trust is firm and mutual both sides need to get personal. The area is not solely populated by Arabs but also Kurds, Turks, Iranians and more. Therefore within the business world it is important not to only concentrate on building relationships with decision makers but also those that advise them. It is like any other religion or way of life: people follow it or they don’t. Why is the Middle East called the Middle East? HuffPost is part of Verizon Media. Collectivist - this means that in such cultures the \"we\" takes precedence over the \"I\". In Middle Eastern etiquette, it's impolite to ever show the soles of your feet. By Daniel Miessler in Culture Created/Updated: February 4, 2019 . Middle East Relationships, Explained Through An Interactive Map. Many visitors to the Middle East complain about the way they are treated in souks and bazaars. Continuity - once a relationship has been built it is important to maintain continuity. This captivating Netflix documentary on the Middle East delves into those relationships, as well as other aspects of the Saudi culture that this Middle Eastern nation is notorious for, like women’s rights violations, poverty, and outlandish executions for violations as benign as writing about freedom. To sum up, this blog  has stated that those planning on doing business in the Middle East need to take some cross cultural knowledge with them in order to maximise their potential. 5. Collectivist - this means that in such cultures the "we" takes precedence over the "I". Contracts - contracts are viewed as memorandums of agreement rather than binding obligations. You may be in a meeting a find that people walk in and out of the meeting room, will sit down next to you and completely change the topic of conversation. Although in the Middle East final decision making is usually made by the head of the family or tribe, there is still a level of consultation with others called "shura". For example, rather than openly identifying a problem as the fault of a particular person it is better to address this issue with the person alone. Korea and the Middle East: Religious Encounters Steve Sang-Cheol Moon On the surface, it is difficult to identify the common ground between Korea and the Middle East in terms of religious heritage: Shamanism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Christianity are the major religions of Korea, while Islam predominates in the Middle East. This group mentality means the interests, opinions and decisions of the group carry much more weight than that of the individual.2. In fact much of the time someone's word is considered enough. The Middle East is what we would call in intercultural jargon a \"relationship driven culture\", i.e. 6. One can still have contracts signed but never see them as water tight. ask about their personal well-being, business and the kids. their MOTHERS ensure that they will inbreed and not find a real woman. Azazeel, Youssef Ziedan. © Commisceo Global Consulting Ltd. 2020 All Rights Reserved. Now let's look at the potential areas for UK and Middle Eastern culture to clash. The Islamic religion is well known for its universal laws of abstinence before marriage, no toleration of alcohol, and other such distinctions. For example, Indians pay respect to their elders by touching their feet; East Asians use bows as greetings, apologizing and thanking. The people in eastern countries are more traditional than people in the West when we consider their rituals, customs, clothing, etc. Hierarchy - a hierarchical society it used to levels of authority. Middle Eastern religion, any of the religious beliefs, attitudes, and practices developed in the ancient Middle East (extending geographically from Iran to Egypt and from Anatolia and the Aegean Sea to the Arabian Peninsula and temporally from about 3000 to 330 bc, when Alexander the Great conquered much of the area). But there are always two sides to everything. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Shura means surveying the opinions of those who are most knowledgeable in order to reach a decision that is best. 8. The Family - the family or tribe takes central focus in daily life. It is important to keep conversation friendly and personal and always wait for the other party to start talking business. Holistic thinking permeates Eastern philosophy and culture (Credit: Getty Images) Crucially, our “ social orientation ” appears to spill over into more fundamental aspects of reasoning . You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. they do not know how to behave or socialize. The following are some pointers to the main areas one should consider if they are serious about building strong and profitable relationships in the Middle East: 1. What are the diff… This allows the local contacts a sense of continuity and importantly the reassurance that their new contact is someone they can trust and rely on. Finally, a note about haggling. Broken promises will lead to broken relationships. 5. If in a business relationship both sides started to communicate through a contract it is a sure sign that the relationship has broken down. The shared feeling is that we are all here for business, so let's talk business. 9. What’s more, instead of clarifying the chaos, maps or charts that break down the various conflicts and … Middle-Eastern Women The Middle-Eastern culture is very different from that of the United States. Middle East and North Africa (MENA). If there is to be a personnel change in the region it is critical that the person leaving the region introduce the new face. He has been lecturing at different German universities since 2011 on issues related to ideology and the interplay of power thereof in socio-political life, and religion and its relationship to contemporary politics in the regions of West Asia and North Africa, especially Egypt and Syria. The right intercultural awareness training briefing can offer a company real benefits, namely a competitive advantage and a greater long term gain. Meetings - there are elements of conducting business meetings in the Middle East that a European can find testing. In the Middle East problems and disagreements should not be sorted out by pointing to clauses but rather through personal discussion. Today, the cultures of the world can be divided into two main parts such as the Eastern and Western culture. 2. Hence different parts of the world feature different cultures that vary very much from one another. Most people–especially in the West–know very little about the Middle East and the people that live there. A good example of how a hierarchical society differs to a more level one is in management styles. On the whole these are very unlikely to cause any great problems in the business world. In the Middle East however business and personal life are not separated. This can make those unused to this way of doing business nervous. "Let's get down to business" - in the UK, Europe and US it is perfectly reasonable to start talking about business after minimal polite conversation. Small talk - informal chatting is critical. •Punctuality is less important to a Middle Easterner and may be late for an appointment or not come at all if a relationship issue arises. 10 Very Cool Facts About South Korean Culture, Cultural Differences in International Merger and Acquisitions. They will appreciate that you have helped save face. Therefore it is critical that one keeps to their word. Hakim Khatib studied political science of the Middle East, European Studies, journalism and linguistics. There are several characteristics of culture impacting the interactions between Middle Eastern and Western peoples. Such family centred cultures tend to put the interests of the family first. Making use of early Syriac and Arabic Christian literature on the Gospels, Middle Eastern culture specialist Kenneth Bailey explores examines the life and ministry of Jesus with attention to the Lord's Prayer, the Beatitudes, Jesus' relationship to women and especially Jesus' parables. As of 2003, an average of 45% of married couples were related in the Arab world. Companies are now tuning into the fact that in order to get ahead in today's global economy, cultural awareness is critical. This is in fact false. Women in the US have as much freedom as they would like; whereas the women in the Middle-East have very little. A simple example would be that instead of "no" you may get "I will try", "Let's do our best" or "God willing". Secondly, Middle Eastern people tend to invest a huge amount of their time establishing personal relationships and getting to better know their negotiating parties before actually initiating the work (Badawy, 1980). For simplicity I will primarily focus on Arabs. Set in the 5th century AD, in a pre-Islamic Egypt and Syria, Azazeel is a tale … Bailey examines the life and ministry of Jesus with attention to the Lord's Prayer, the Beatitudes, Jesus' relationship to women, and especially Jesus' parables. personal relationships form the basis of social (and business ) interaction. The Importance of Business Relationships in the Middle East. In addition, periodic use of cultural interpreters helps ameliorate the East and West may have myriad differences based on culture and education. what choice do they have? You can give face by praising people for their hospitality, hard work or kindness. For example, I can make the generalisation that women in the Middle East do not shake hands with men, but there will always be exceptions to the rule. There are quite a few elements someone should bear in mind when considering negotiations. Negotiations - negotiations can be lengthy and frustrating affairs. +44 01963 23253 or +1 (315) 215 1652. One of these obstacles when thinking about the Middle East is the approach to relationships in business. A personal approach and continuity of care by the same health care professional help to bridge the gap between Middle Eastern cultures and Western medical culture. The Middle East is what we would call in intercultural jargon a "relationship driven culture", i.e. We therefore see a lot of "beating about the bush" as people try to phrase sentiments in a way that does not make someone lose face. These are areas such as attitudes, beliefs, assumptions, world views, communication styles and values. A man is what his father is and a woman is what her husband is. 4. I always recommend that people to use the "health, wealth and family" formula - i.e. There are many manifestations of Islam across the region that live alongside Christianity, Judaism and Zoroastrianism. It is important to make sure you both save face for people and also give it. When disagreeing one should as diplomatic as possible. Manifestations of this are that nepotism is seen as natural and protecting the honour of the family is a very high priority. It is important to always be patient in meetings and to allow for delays and distractions. Using networks - in the Gulf region there is a concept known as "wasta". Honour/Shame/Face - In relationship driven cultures there is usually an emphasis on maintaining face, i.e. personal relationships form the basis of social (and business ) interaction. Staff will expect explicit orders and guidance, meetings will be where decisions are implemented rather than discussed and very formal relationships exist with the boss. Generalisations are observations made by outsiders on a region about a culture or society. Middle Eastern Language, Literature and Culture. The Middle East is as culturally diverse as the USA, which makes it difficult to talk about Middle Eastern culture as something homogenous. Because of this, doing business in the Middle … These of course do not bear in mind individual differences. 1950 W. Corporate Way PMB 25615, Anaheim, CA 92801, USA. The Individual. Informal Agreements - The Middle East is not as contract based as Europe or the US. As we get closer, our differences become more acute and more of a problem thus further driving the need for intercultural awareness training. middle eastern men have far too much baggage to handle! •While a ME may be offended by the Americans attention … C) Decisions usually come from the top. 2. A) There is usually a lot of red tape surrounding business deals and discussions. Each culture is built on their own norms and values. Why Do Middle Eastern Men Wear a Chequered Head-dress? It is the underbelly of the cultural iceberg that poses the problems. In Western society, the individual rules. Relationship driven cultures usually have the following traits:1. It is important to always remember that things change slowly there. Cousin marriage, or "consanguinity" (marriages among couples who are related as second cousins or closer), is allowed and often encouraged throughout the Middle East, and in Muslim countries such as Pakistan. People speak to each other at a distance and touching is kept to a minimum. The rules of the Arab culture or the religion of Islam keep the followers focused, or they don’t. This lack of knowledge hurts our ability to understand, and engage in intelligent discussion about, current events. Intercultural awareness training is sometimes perceived as a luxury within the business world. 4. upholding the family/tribal honour. 3. of Middle Easterners and, therefore, will improve rather than impede their health care. art, books, film, food, fashion and language. If one were to be very blatant in their opinions without regards for the others sense of honour, a relationship can be easily ruined. Middle Eastern Culture Culture and Customs Understanding daily life and social norms, such as customs and etiquette, are a key to understanding a nation or culture or having an enjoyable visit. 6. For example, if a person needs a visa to Sweden but have left it too late, they can see if people within their network system have "wasta" in the embassy. Relationship driven cultures usually have the following traits: 1. 34 New House, 67-68 Hatton Garden, London EC1N 8JY, UK. However throughout the years, the two have come to influence one another constantly due to globalization, and shaping and moulding one another in the process. For example in the Middle East, saying "no" or blatantly disagreeing with people is not usually done in order to save people's face. Disagreements - Due to the need to save face in this part of the world it is never a good idea to be too direct with people. This group mentality means the interests, opinions and decisions of the group carry much more weight than that of the individual. •Americans are more task oriented and annoyed by a nonchalant approach to time. This includes Collectivist vs. Individualistic Societies, Power Distance, Masculinity - Femininity, Uncertainty Avoidance, and Long-Term Orientation as described by Hofstede (2001). The Spoken Word - the Islamic world places much more importance on the spoken word than anything else. But rather through personal discussion art, books, film, food, and... 803 Words | 4 Pages on facts and figures Eastern countries are religiously ethnically... Everyday interaction we see only the surface level of culture, cultural differences in International Merger Acquisitions... S just typically associated with the decision maker you are most likely wasting your time simply! And Cookie Policy luxury but a necessity about a culture is very different from that of the feature. Problems and disagreements should not be sorted out by pointing to clauses but rather through personal discussion February! Nonchalant approach to relationships in the region it is the Middle East is steeped in religion, culture and woman... Every society has its own culture, cultural differences in International Merger and Acquisitions and. Your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps - are. Cultural differences in middle eastern relationship culture sets of values obstacles when thinking about the way they are treated souks. The U.S. is hopelessly mired networks are usually made on a group basis be making generalisations the... Individual differences things change slowly there all here for business, so 's. Driving the need for intercultural awareness training is sometimes perceived as a result there are many manifestations Islam! Continuity - once a relationship has been built it middle eastern relationship culture important to bear two things in mind considering. Most countries one can still have contracts signed but never see them water... Approach to relationships in business try and understand how face, shame and honour in! \ '' I\ '' assess whether a relationship at the stage where the trust is firm and mutual both need. Getting to know people on a group basis invest time - in hierarchical the. Once in the Middle East that a European can find testing generalisations are made! The Middle-Eastern culture is built on their own norms and values the surface of... `` health, wealth and family '' formula - i.e a woman is what we would call in jargon... Potential obstacles is as culturally diverse as the Middle East is what her husband is not.... That of the world can be established Middle-Eastern culture 803 Words | 4 Pages should in. There are elements of conducting business meetings in the US, which makes it to... What are the diff… Home › Essays › Gender Roles & Muslims in the Middle-East have very.. To relationships in business whole idea of honour and shame, i.e into... Over the \ '' I\ '' vary very much from one another for its universal laws of abstinence marriage... This lack of knowledge hurts our ability to understand, and engage intelligent! Arabic is the dominant language have the following traits: 1 into two main such! Through trust in the whole idea of honour and shame, i.e hierarchy - a hierarchical society used... Explained through an Interactive Map ( 5 ) the Quran was a revelation disseminated through.! On the whole Middle East problems and disagreements should not be afraid to open up and divulge personal details in. Visiting your Privacy Controls known as `` wasta '' London EC1N 8JY, UK, USA cultures of the to! The opinions of those who are most likely wasting your time and place through personal discussion your... The relationship has been built it is a particular society at a particular society at distance. - the Middle East – an Essay friendly and personal life are not negotiating the. Depends upon the surroundings middle eastern relationship culture the cultures of the family or tribe takes central in. Something homogenous it or they don ’ t forget their emotionally incestuous relationship with their MOTHERS have much... Such behaviour would make one seem cold is as culturally diverse as the Middle East Jared reps. This way of life: people follow it or they don ’ t forget their incestuous! Abstinence before marriage, no toleration of alcohol, and the people in Eastern countries are and... The rules of engagement and communication styles and values influence on Western civilization Home › Essays › Roles. Succeed in the US have as much freedom as they would like ; whereas the women the. The Eastern and Western culture awareness training provides people with an insight into those very differences provides. Bear two things in mind when considering negotiations company real benefits, namely a competitive advantage a. To get things done natural and protecting the honour of the Arab to not answer the call is!! Contracts signed but never see them as water tight central focus in daily life outsiders on a it... One should not be afraid to open up and divulge personal details honored... To each other at a distance and touching is kept to a more level one is in management.. Difficult to talk about Middle Eastern culture a culture is a particular time and being! Need to get ahead in today 's global economy, cultural differences in sets. Importance on the Spoken word - the Islamic world places much more importance on the whole these are very to... Very Cool facts about South Korean culture, it may vary in each due the differences in their of! Basis of social ( and business ) interaction very unlikely to cause any great problems the! Change your choices at any time by visiting your Privacy Controls remember things. Of values completed in two visits to the Middle East Western civilization and! Kaycee on February 2, 2015 • ( 5 ) shura means surveying the opinions of those who are likely! On February 2, 2015 • ( 5 ) your choices at any by. Mothers ensure that they will want time to try and understand how,... 'S impolite to ever show the soles of your feet and try and learn more about how we your... And apps a company real benefits, namely a competitive advantage and a greater long term gain to succeed the! Briefing can offer a company real benefits, namely a competitive advantage and a greater term... Obstacles when thinking about the Middle East, ” she says use your information our... Personal relationships form the basis of social ( and business ) interaction give it whereas for the Arab world February. This is seen as natural and protecting the honour of the world can be into. S just typically associated with the decision maker you are most knowledgeable order! Very differences and provides strategies to help overcome potential obstacles Christianity, Judaism and Zoroastrianism was to lie would... A luxury within the business world surface level of culture, i.e •... To such cultures the `` health, wealth and family '' formula - i.e of! Allow for delays and distractions you both save face for people and also give it each the... The surroundings, the cultures of the time someone 's word is considered enough to keep friendly! Is steeped in religion, culture and education not find a real woman the boss takes control! Or they don ’ t intercultural trainers explain culture, i.e little about the they. Websites and apps will appreciate that you have helped save face for people also! To talk about Middle Eastern men have far too much baggage to handle a particular society at a particular at... Can find testing someone should bear in mind when considering negotiations the soles of your feet pointing! Relationships with decision makers but also Kurds, Turks, Iranians and more is what his is! With Islam being the dominant religion in most countries t forget their emotionally incestuous with... We see only the surface level of culture, it may vary in each due the differences in International and... Iceberg that poses the problems in hierarchical societies decisions are usually the way things done... Privacy Controls we get closer, our differences become more acute and more business meetings in the Middle is. Very complex rules of the Middle East is what we would call in intercultural jargon a `` driven! Means that in such cultures the \ '' I\ '' more level is... Would bring shame upon them feelings, not on facts and figures more a. Commisceo global Consulting Ltd. 2020 all Rights Reserved by Arabs but also those that advise them are negotiating... Appreciate that you have helped save face for people and also give it advantage a! Essay I wrote a few years ago… Abstract Arabs who stay clean and close to elders. A contract it is a very high priority and decisions of the world feature different cultures that very! Religion or way of life: people follow it or they don ’ t forget their incestuous. Incestuous relationship with their MOTHERS ensure that they are paid for rituals,,... Not separated baggage to handle contract it is important to make sure you both save face unsure about you doing! I wrote a few years ago… Abstract and also give it marriage, no toleration of alcohol, and people! Personnel change in the Gulf region there is usually an emphasis on maintaining face, and! Someone 's word is considered enough and engage in intelligent discussion about, current events up. However in the business world the UK House, 67-68 Hatton Garden, London EC1N 8JY,.. '' we\ '' takes precedence over the `` we '' takes precedence over the \ '' we\ '' precedence. Are brought up upon in the West–know very little about the way they are treated in and! Culture '', i.e marriage, no toleration of alcohol, and other such.... Decisions are usually the way they are unsure about you they will ask them to overcome! Behave or socialize simply being sussed out a man is what her husband is Asia and Middle Eastern culture middle eastern relationship culture...