Indeed, questions like the source of human thoughts, the mechanism of cognitive activity, and the nature of emotions, perception and voluntary movement, were disputed by Greek scientists. Pre-Socratics and Their Contributions. Generally, this paper was cited with a call of scholars, researchers, philosophers to tap the potentially rich contributions of some famous Great Philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes in their major contributions that enabled psychology to be an independent discipline after the 19th century. Plato From the sixth century B.C.E. True wisdom is eternal. Even though the great Greek philosophers lived in much different times, some things never change. Historyly.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The most well-known ancient Greek Philosopher of all time, Socrates, was a master stonemason and social critic. Since then, modern thinkers had never stopped seeking knowledge about the human psychology, development, and education. Philosophical Theories & Ideas Here, are the ten greatest. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Socrates's Student Here are the five most important Greek philosophers and their contributions to serious thought: Pythagoras THE CONTRIBUTION OF ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHERS TO PSYCHOLOGY: ARISTOTLE 384 - 322 B.C Introduction Aristotle is the most significant philosopher in modern psychology. These ideas fomented the French Revolution, and more broadly, helped bring an end to a centuries-old entanglement between Church, Crown, and Country. In ancient Greece, philosophers had a special place and were considered influential people. He wrote a poem called ‘On Nature’ in which he dealt with a very intriguing question ‘is it or is it not’? He traveled, widely and was initiated into the doctrines of the Egyptian priests. He founded the Academy in Athens that was the western society’s first institution of higher learning. Plato's Educational Beliefs . Without the Greek philosophers, the entire field of philosophy as we know it wouldn’t exist, or at least would be radically different. Greek philosophy covers an absolutely enormous amount of topics including: political philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, ontology (the study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality), logic, biology, rhetoric, and aesthetics (branch of philosophy dealing with art, beauty, and taste). To look up a philosopher you know the name of, click on the first letter of their last name. What is the Difference between Univocal and Equivocal Language? What sets Ancient Greek philosophers apart is that most of their philosophers learned under the same man and they directly interacted, either confirming or contradicting each other face to face. More on Ancient Greek Philosophers visit Listverse for their Top 15 Ancient Greek Philosophers! However, the beauty lies in the fact that no two philosophers are alike. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Image Credit: laphamsquarterly In ancient Greece, philosophers had a special place and were considered influential people. He contributed a lot towards the development of western philosophy that is still studied today and governs many of our actions. Among the pre-Socratic philosophers (those who were in the limelight before the time of Socrates), he is seen as one of the most sig… We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Socrates: Athens’ street-corner philosopher Socrates was the big-city philosopher in ancient Athens. The name has it all, which in Greek means “renowned, glorious”. The post today will throw a deep light on the amazing 15 Greek philosophers that thought out of the box and made path breaking innovations that have enabled us to live in a civilized way. Thales (624-546 BC) is one such philosopher, whose proposition … Many leading concepts in modern neuroscience find their origin in the speculation of ancient Greek philosophers and physicians. He went on to establish the Academy in Athens, one of the first institutions of … 5 Ancient Greek Philosophers and Their Important Contributions March 9, 2020 by Francisca U It is unarguably a known fact that ancient Greece was home to some of the most important and celebrated philosophers in the world today. Jules Evans explores seven that could help employees live their lives better Ancient Greek philosophers like him revolutionized the modern world. Parmenides was a known follower of Pythagoras, another renowned figure in the philosophical paradigm of ancient Greece. However, early Greeks perceived the world in a manner that one would today depict as holistic in that, disciplines such as science, religion, and philosophy were intertwined and coalesced into one worldview (Knierim 1). Who are your favourite Ancient Greek Philosophers? Read More. There are over 90 Pre-Socratic philosophers, all of whom contributed something to world knowledge, but scholar Forrest E. Baird has pared that number down to a more manageable 15 major thinkers whose contributions directly or indirectly influenced Greek culture and the later works of Plato and Aristotle: Aristotle He states, “Excellence [of character], then, is a state concerned with choice, lying in a mean relative to us, this being determined by reason and in the way in which the man of practical wisdom would determine it. Copyright © (2016 - 2020) Historyly.com. Please leave your comments below. These two philosophers have shaped the moral philosophy in guidance to their respective cultures. True wisdom is eternal. Here, I’ll talk about the most important ancient Greek philosophers that enriched today’s worldwide culture with their wisdom, making a name for Greece’s values that holds true to this day. There are several Greek philosophers that contributed to education, but the two main philosophers that contributed to American education are- Plato and Aristotle. The Ancient Greek philosophers were definitely ahead of their time! Some of the most famous and influential philosophers of all time were from the ancient Greek world, including Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. It’s not difficult to apply ancient wisdom to modern business. Although we often think of philosophy as religion or "the meaning of life", the Greek philosophers were also scientists. You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers. The Post-Socratic philosophers focused their attention on the individual rather than on communal issues such as politics. Du Bois Life and Contribution, 15 Most Disastrous Pandemics That Changed History, 15 Fearless Female Warriors of Ancient World. Ancient Greece was indeed the birthplace of hundreds of eminent philosophers that broke away from the usual thinking that was dominated by blind faith and supernatural beliefs. The History of the Atom 2: Dalton explores early milestones in atomic theory and the role of John Dalton. He worked hard to answer this question all through his life. Ancient Greece is known as the time of philosophers, with many of the world’s most influential philosophers and theologians being of this time. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Aristotle is one of influential philosophers whom stressed a virtuous character. Often the philosophers were teachers of wealthy children. Even though the great Greek philosophers lived in much different times, some things never change. What sets Ancient Greek philosophers apart is that most of their philosophers learned under the same man and they directly interacted, either confirming or contradicting each other face to face. This is not so today, but still, the ancient Greek philosophers continue to influence modern thought. The give the foundations to create an educational system, in other words, it justifies it. According to Long, “…in the modern world, Pythagoras is the foremost famous of early Greek philosophers” (66). Socrates based his philosophy on reasoning. This lesson examines the ancient Greeks’ theories about the atom. The term “philosophy” derives from the Greek word philosophia which translates to a “love of wisdom,” coined by pre-Socratic thinkers such as Pythagoras in the 6th century B.C. He determined the cause of an eclipse —the moon coming between the sun and Earth or the Earth between the sun and the moon depending on whether it's a lunar or solar eclipse. If you wish to know about ancient Greek philosophers that introduced new concepts to leading life and made remarkable contributions in the fields of humanity, then the name of Parmenides has to be mentioned. Plato preached his philosophy that was based on a threefold approach, namely – e… Click the below button to see the list of the ancient Greek philosophers, List of 357 Ancient Greek Philosophers and Their Contributions, ← 30 Places in Winter Greece Like a Fairy Tale, Ultraviolet light reveals how ancient Greek statues really looked →, Traditional Greek Galaktoboureko Recipe (Greek custard pie with syrup), Watch rare video archive of Eleftherios Venizelos speaking in English (video), Smuggled cigarettes, piracy and the Italian mafia: the true story behind Greece's most famous shipwreck, A video on the creation of everything according to the Greek Mythology. There are over 90 Pre-Socratic philosophers, all of whom contributed something to world knowledge, but scholar Forrest E. Baird has pared that number down to a more manageable 15 major thinkers whose contributions directly or indirectly influenced Greek culture and the later works of Plato and Aristotle: That what we should do is enjoy our lives and be happy. = flourished Ancient Greek philosophy is a system of thought, first developed in the 6th century BCE, which was informed by a focus on the First Cause of observable phenomena. He preached his disciples to implement the philosophies in day to day lives with thinking, and exercising intellect. This states that men are born without innate ideas, and that knowledge comes from experience and perception, as opposed to predetermined good and evil nature, as believed by other … Plato From the sixth century B.C.E. Ancient Greek Philosophers and their Philosophy. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The ancient Greeks were the first civilization that began to ponder the big questions of life. Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Although there were Greek philos… Their contributions in the field of mathematics went beyond the practical purposes of their neighbors. Ancient Greek philosophy began in Miletus with the pre-Socratic philosopher Thales and lasted through Late Antiquity.Some of the most famous and influential philosophers of all time were from the ancient Greek world, including Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. His work ‘The Republic’ is considered Plato’s most influential works till today as it offers great insight into different fields like ethics, politics, and metaphysics. 15 Unknown Things about Christopher Columbus, 13 Oldest and Ancient Civilizations of the World, 13 Facts About Slavery In Ancient Greece That You…, 15 Interesting Facts About Alexander The Great, 15 Historical Mysteries That Are Unsolved, Top 13 Persian Inventions That Will Surprise You, 15 Mesopotamia Achievements and Inventions : What…. Alexandria and referred as the father of geometry deduced the Euclidean geometry experiencing real.... Cities and markets and had open discussions with people he met randomly on factual data gathered from real... List of the website to function properly functionalities and security features of the most and. 'Re ok with this, but the two main philosophers that greek philosophers and their contributions the very facet of humanity Aristotle. 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